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Authentication is the process of logging in, and making sure that the user actually is who he says he is. Authorization, or access control, defines the rights and permissions of users, be they unauthenticated guests or known and authenticated individuals. While the two are separate problems from an architecture perspective, an adminitrator usually considers them jointly. Thus, this combined status and instruction page.

Current status: early alpha. Only available in CVS.#

JSPWiki version 2.1.51 is slowly acquiring auth capabilities. Under development by Janne. Syntax may still change.

User authentication and authorization works; groups don't. Only the three default groups Guest, NamedGuest, and KnownPerson are currently usable.

Setting up user authentication#

Add the following properties to

  jspwiki.authenticator = FileAuthenticator
  jspwiki.fileAuthenticator.fileName = /tmp/passwords.txt

Edit the password file:

  # The format is simply username = password
  # No encryption is used currently.
  # Comments are allowed; prepend with hash.
  ebu = foobar
  ubi = frobozz

Restart the container, and access the main page. If you use the default template, a small login box should appear in the left margin. Enter the username in the upper box and the password in the lower, and click on login. If you see the friendly greeting, you have authenticated successfully.


FileAuthenticator is a fairly simple class, com.ecyrd.jspwiki.auth.modules.FileAuthenticator. You write your own class to implement com.ecyrd.jspwiki.auth.WikiAuthenticator, make sure the webapp can find the class, and use the full class name for the jspwiki.authenticator property to do your own, custom authentication.


About Groups#

Group support is not finished at this time. Three system groups are defined:

  • anyone accessing the wiki belongs to group Guest
  • anyone who has set their name on the user preferences page belongs to group NamedGuest
  • anyone who has been authenticated belongs to group KnownPerson


Access Rules#

Plugin-like entries on a page define the access level of users. The following examples illustrate the syntax:

A publicly viewable page (since everyone belongs to group Guest, editable only by users ebu and ubi:

  [[{ALLOW view Guest}]
  [[{DENY edit Guest}]
  [[{ALLOW edit ebu, ubi}]

A page viewable by ebu and ubi only, editable by ebu only:

  [[{DENY view Guest}]
  [[{ALLOW view ebu, ubi}]
  [[{DENY edit Guest}]
  [[{ALLOW edit ebu}]

As can be seen from the parameters, both usernames and group names can be specified in access rules. (We just can't specify new groups quite yet.) Note that edit does not imply view.

Default Access Rules#

Theoretically, creating a page named DefaultPermissions and placing a set of access rules on it should make those rules apply to all pages. Page-specific access rules should replace the defaults, if present. However, the default system does not seem to work properly, and is liable to change (at least into a more configurable form).

Old discussion: Requirements for JSPWiki Authentication

Category Development - to be moved to Documentation once auth* is ready.

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« This particular version was published on 17-Jul-2003 19:56 by Ebu.